Knowing About Nitro

So we started a few entries ago with the basics of automobiles. Stuff like air filters, horsepower and cylinders. What they mean and how they work. Then we got more advanced with the supercharger and turbocharger. But this is only the beginning. Today, let’s learn about nitro.
Anyone who is into racing will know about nitro or nitrous, and most people will have heard the term at some point or another. Nitro, which has the scientific name nitrous oxide, it is two nitrogen atoms attached to one oxygen atom. It is injected into fuel systems to make a much more powerful combustion. Have you ever seen a drag racer with flames shooting out of the exhaust? That is extra nitro being burned off as it leaves the exhaust system.
Air and gas mix in a cylinder and are ignited to create energy. Well what would happen if you can get more air into a cylinder? Right, it would create a larger combustion. Remember how nitro is two parts nitrogen and one part oxygen? When nitro is added to the gas and ignites, the nitro releases the oxygen into the cylinder, thus increasing the amount of air available to burn. This is why nitro is so explosive, it has air in it that feeds its own combustion.
Depending on the engine and design, nitrous can add anywhere from.5 hp to 3,000 hp. Nitrous is so powerful that it doesn’t all burn off in the cylinder. Some of it gets ejected into the exhaust system. This explains the flames you sometimes see coming out of nitrous equipped cars.
You can’t add nitro to old, used vehicles. It puts a major strain on an engine cars need to be modified to equip it. If not it can result in cracked pistons, damaged casings, ruined crankshafts or even out right detonation. Another problem with nitro is that is relies on a very specific ratio of air to and fuel. Too much or too little and it could ruin your engine or once again detonate. Strong engine casings aside, detonation is not something you want to have happen to your car. If you ever see a car looks like it is blowing steam out of a hole in the hood before a race then you know it has nitro in it. The drivers “purge” their system before races to make sure there is no extra nitro caught in the pipes.
Engineers have been experimenting with using nitro for decades now. In fact during World War 2, both English and German aviators experimenting with adding nitro to planes to help with high altitude, low oxygen flights. Consider yourself warned though, nitro is not cheap nor is it street legal. In fact many races, including NASCAR ban its use. For the record you can have it in your car on the streets but you have to have the feed line disconnected or closed, we don’t want you outrunning the police now do we?

How to Remove and Inspect Your Car’s Spark Plugs

Years ago, spark plugs became fouled much more quickly than they do today. It was common to need replacements after driving little more than 10,000 to 15,000 miles. Part of the problem back then was that automotive fuel contained lead. Today, with lead all but removed from fuel, spark plugs can last 40,000 miles or more. Some are even advertised to last 100,000 miles (though this is optimistic).
Because the plugs represent a critical part of your engine’s operation (without spark, there can be no combustion), it’s important to change them when they show signs of wear. Neglecting to do so will result in declining performance. Below, we’ll take you through the process of removing and inspecting them.
Gathering Your Tools And Locating The Plugs
In addition to a set of replacement spark plugs, you’ll need access to a socket wrench, spark plug socket, and a few socket extensions. You should also plan to wear safety goggles to protect your eyes from debris.
Lift the hood of your vehicle, and look for wires along the top of your engine. They are made of rubber, and each is connected to a cylinder. If your vehicle’s engine has four cylinders, you’ll be able to see four wires. A 6-cylinder engine will have six wires, and so on. Once you have located them, you’re ready to remove the plugs.
Removing The Plug Wires
A lot of people doing this for the first time are tempted to removed all of the wires simultaneously. It seems simpler to do so. The problem is, the plugs in your engine’s cylinders fire in a particular order. If, while replacing them, you inadvertently mix the wires and cylinders in the wrong order, your engine’s performance may suffer. To avoid that problem, replace them one at a time.
Grasp the first plug wire snugly, twist it, and pull. It should come off easily, leaving the plug sticking out of the engine block. You’ll see the plug’s terminal (the topmost part) and part of the insulator exposed. The next step is to remove the plug.
Removing The Spark Plugs
You’ll need your socket to remove the spark plug from its housing in the block. Slip the socket over the plug (using an appropriate extension), and make sure the fit is snug. Then, attach the ratchet. Gain some leverage and turn it gently counter-clockwise. Apply a little pressure if the plug seems stuck.
Once you have removed the first spark plug, inspect its condition closely. It will provide clues regarding your engine’s operation.
Checking The Condition Of The Plugs
There are several indicators that suggest possible problems. For example, look at the side and center electrodes (located on the opposite end of the terminal). Has black soot accumulated on the tips? If so, you’re observing carbon deposits, which suggest the air-fuel mixture in the cylinder is running rich.
Do you see deposits on the electrodes that appear black and wet? If so, you’re seeing oil. This can mean a few things, but the most common is that oil is leaking past one or both of the valves (intake or exhaust) into the cylinder.
Sometimes, the center electrode will melt. This is more serious than oil leaks or a too-rich air-fuel mixture. A melted electrode might imply your engine is running too hot. It can also mean other things, but it is important to identify the cause to prevent expensive damage from occurring to the assembly.
Another item to note is the gap between the side and center electrodes. The spark that ignites the air-fuel mixture in the cylinder must be able to jump the gap. Over tens of thousands of miles and millions of sparks, the center electrode erodes. As it does, the gap widens. If you notice significant erosion, it’s time to change the plugs.
Fouled, melted, or eroded spark plugs will eventually lead to engine performance problems. If your engine is behaving strangely, check the plugs and replace them, if necessary.

The Ultimate 3 Tweaks to Save Our Mother Earth

It seems like more and more people are slowly becoming aware of the importance of going green. Thanks to several environmental issues that have happened recently such as the widening of the ozone leakage, green house effect and so on, people suddenly realize how bad the situation has become. Anyway, it is never too late to do something about it. If you would like to know more, please do not hesitate to read further.
An extremely effective way to save our mother earth is to change our habit in using cars for every purpose and on every occasion. If you just want to go to somewhere which is very near to where you live, then it is advisable to just walk there or take the public transport while leaving your car at home. This simple action alone would already contribute to our environment because of the reduction in car emissions.
Next, you should always maintain you car because this will help you burn less gas and hence reducing the pollution. Just take a look around you and you will soon realise that those cars that give off a lot of emission are actually the ones that are never maintained. In a nutshell, you should always send your cars for periodic check. Not only this will help our mother health, it will also help you to prolong the lifespan of your car.
Last but not least, if you absolutely need to use the car to go to work, then you should go for a carpool. It is definitely not complicated as all you need to do is to check with your neighbours or colleagues and see who else are heading towards the same direction like you. Once again, you can save a lot on petrol and also contribute to a better and healthier mother earth.

Car Repair for Road Trip Fanatics

Every car owner fulfills a dream when they purchase their first car. Owning and driving the car is the easy part. Caring for the vehicle and having regular maintenance is the harder task. Regular service sessions, frequent wash & waxing, protecting the body from hot sunny weather and cold snowy temperatures are the best practices every car owner embraces.
A popular myth for car owners is that “driving is the easy part, where as maintenance is the serious part.” Many people would agree, but this is none the less a myth. Actually, car maintenance is not such a herculean task, all that matters is keeping the car in top condition and performing consistently. Keeping this in mind you can take care of most of the maintenance needs of the vehicle by your self. Over time you can learn to service the basic needs of the car manually, once the functions are clear.
When you get your car serviced or repaired, do not compromise on quality spare parts and a good mechanic. Always use original auto parts and never use a cheap substitute, consider that it’s cheap for a certain reason. Cheap auto parts will harmfully affect the performance of your vehicle especially in the long run. You should take care of minor issues immediately before they evolve into a major issue.
It’s vital to clean or replace the air filter to keep the car’s airflow functioning at optimum levels. There are multiple types of junk and particles that flies into the engine compartment, these can significantly affect on road performance. When the air filter is nearly clogged and dirty, a “check engine” light will glow up on the car’s meter. It’s best to replace the air filter if it hasn’t been changed in a while, whereas, newer filter can be washed and re used.
When cleaning the engine, many people use water, which could have negative effects on the engine. It’s not good to give the engine a shower with any kind of liquid. Water can get into the distributor cap which can cause ignition problems. If you are going to clean the engine by yourself then use proper instructions given by the company or simply use a mechanic.
Generally, you can worry less about the suspension and unless there are rattling sounds indicating worn out parts there is no need to go to a mechanic. A car that pulls to one side while driving is a clear cut signals that the suspension needs immediate calibration. Tire pressure and tire wear & tear are also very important since, deflated tires have an adverse effect on the performance making the engine haul the car with more power. Uneven tire wear & tear is a good indicator that the alignment and suspension needs repairs. Prescott alignment services provide computerized chassis and tire maintenance ensuring a complete formula to your car’s foundation.
One last feature for minimizing maintenance and repairs is adopting good driving habits. Keep steady control on the accelerator, brake and clutch. Properly accelerating and braking coupled with proper gear timing has a direct effect on the mileage. You should make sure not to carry additional heavy items in the car, as time passes irrelevant items are accumulated in the trunk. You should remove any additional weight from the car that may cause the mileage to go down since the car is pulling more weight.

3 Automotive Repairs That You Can Perform at Home

Each year, automobiles become more technologically complex. Engines become more streamlined and efficient; computer chips become more advanced; new systems, such as smart cruise control and lane change warning devices, are integrated. With every improvement, motorists become more wary of performing repairs on their own. There’s a pervasive fear that a single wrong tweak will impact other components. The problem is that mechanics charge up to $80 an hour. Simple repairs can end up costing far more than they would if you were to do them yourself.
Below, I’ll describe three automotive repairs that you can perform in your own garage. With a little time, patience, and elbow grease, you can potentially save a bundle.
#1 – Replace A Bad Fuse
Many of the electrical systems in your vehicle are managed by fuses. Over time, those fuses will go bad and need to be replaced. A lot of drivers will experience an electrical problem and take their cars to a mechanic to have it resolved. The mechanic will end up doing a test which usually costs between $40 and $50. Then, they’ll simply replace the blown fuse that caused the issue. If you have a pair of tweezers (and your owner’s manual), you can replace it yourself. The cost? About $3.
#2 – Replace Bad Spark Plugs
Despite the increasing complexity of automobiles over the last few decades, the gas engine’s 4-stroke internal combustion process has remained virtually the same. Spark plugs are a vital piece of that process. When they go bad, it can cause your engine to misfire, dramatically reducing its performance and efficiency.
A mechanic will usually charge an hour’s worth of labor to replace your spark plugs. The plugs themselves cost less than $30. If you have a gapping tool, socket, and ratchet, you can do the job at home and save yourself up to $80 (for the labor).
#3 – Replace A Worn Fuel Filter
Of the three, this repair job is the most labor-intensive. Don’t let that discourage you. With a couple of wrenches, rags, jacks, and a pan to catch the fuel, you can finish the job in an hour. The filter itself should cost less than $20, which means you’ll be saving up to $80 in labor charges by doing it yourself.
It’s important to take a few precautionary steps to ensure your safety. Because you’ll be working with gasoline, wear gloves. Also, disconnect your car’s battery to prevent a fire. Lastly, make sure the jacks that you use to lift your vehicle are sturdy.
There are several other minor repair jobs that you can perform without the help of a mechanic (I’ll cover them in a future article). The key is to realize that you can do them yourself. As long as you purchase high-quality parts, you can potentially save hundreds of dollars over the long run.

Car Repair – Things to Keep in Mind When Dealing With Professionals

In today’s world, we use our vehicles every day to an extreme extent. Because of the use we put our automobiles through, and because of the many different places we rely on them to bring us, it is important to maintain this investment. We use our vehicles to get to and from work, to transport our family members to different events, and to travel around our communities. If the service of our vehicle is interrupted we end up stranded unable to meet our next appointment or to travel around our city. Because of these reasons, it is important to find the right car repair service provider.
Vehicles are complex machines and their continual use incurs damage. Many of us use our vehicles every day to get to and from work and other places. We rely to such an extent on our automobiles that when we wake up before an important appointment, many times we have no thought about the possibility of a malfunction in our vehicle. For this reason it is important to consider carefully your car repair service. When a malfunction happens, it is always an inconvenience. Whether it is a dead battery in the driveway or a flat tire on the side of the road, each of these situations is unfortunate and affects the course of our day. Finding a service provider that can help us prevent future car troubles from happening can be of great benefit.
Finding a car repair service provider who offers employees with extensive training and expertise is also important. Many service providers are sure to offer technicians with the latest training on a myriad of different vehicles. Whether you are driving a four-door sedan or a larger vehicle, these trained professionals will be able to meet your diverse needs. In addition to their familiarity with many different types of vehicles and many different issues, an experienced professional can offer insight you may not find in other places. These trained professionals have seen many different issues and can tell you of some of the things you may try to look for in your vehicle. This type of dialogue with a professional helps you diagnose problems before they become catastrophic issues.
Another consideration in choosing a car repair service is the type of services offered. The most common maintenance procedure is the oil change. As mentioned before, engines are comprised of many moving parts. The motion of these parts propels the vehicle and continued use creates wear and tear on these parts. Oil serves as the lubricant in an engine and ensures that parts do not create too much heat and friction. Many professionals suggest an oil change every three-thousand miles. Finding a service provider who can change your oil and check out your engine can be of great benefit. Many make an effort to provide this oil change service with affordability and convenience.
A final consideration when choosing a car repair service is the overall comfort you feel about the service provider. Some businesses offer a free inspection and diagnosis, so you can get an idea of the professionalism and the expertise of the technicians before you make an investment. Many of these trained technicians have also served other customers, and some companies are sure to offer a database of customer reviews that you may look through. In this way you can build an overall picture of the strengths of the service provider. Keeping these things in consideration can help you make the most informed decision about maintaining your vehicle.